Ocean Tide March

    1854, Leila/ G.W.E. Frederich   [Brass Band Journal, 1854]


Ocean Wave Quickstep  

    1838,  Henry Russell  (1812-1900)   arr: Allen Dodworth    [piano:  Firth & Hall, 1843]

        Sir Henry's “A Life on the Ocean Wave” receives the quickstep treatment in this selection by Allen Dodworth. Though written during his U.S. stay, the tune became the “Official March of the Royal Marines” in 1889. Mr. Dodworth was the author of the Dodworth Brass Band School, which served as the authority on the genre. With his brother Harvey, Allen inherited a music store and existing band from their father, Thomas. The Dodworth Band was one of the most famous in the country for over 40 years. The Dodworths were instrumental in the design and manufacture of special horns, with bells directed behind the player to allow troops, marching in parade, to hear the music once reserved for spectators. The title page states this is the version performed by Dodworth's National Brass Band and is dedicated to Adjutant Augustine (Augustus ?) Kimball of the 2nd Regt. N.Y.S.A. A member of the 3rd Louisiana Regiment wrote a popular parody, A Life on the Vicksburg Bluff, during the siege, which ended on July 4, 1863.


Oh, Carry Me Back To Ole Virginny

    1845, Charles T. White  [26th NC, CSA Band Books]

        White's minstrel song “Oh, Carry [Take] Me Be Back to Ole Virginia's Shore” should not be confused with James Bland's “Carry Me Back to Old Virginny,” written in 1878.  The song also went by its first line: “De Floatin' Scow ob Ole Virginia.” James Sanford introduced the song while performing in Philadelphia with the Virginia Serenaders. E.P. Christie also laid claim to the tune. White started the Kitchen Minstrels in 1844 and later established his own theater in New York City. The lyric speaks of an oysterman who worked hard all of his life, and now in his last days wanted only to be carried back to his homeland.  A broadside version, entitled “General Lee,” extols the virtues of Gen. Robert E. Lee. References in Union soldier diaries, and its inclusion in the G.A.R.'s American Veteran Fifer, indicate the song was popular with Northern soldiers as well.  Confederate soldiers sang it as they re-crossed the Potomac after the Battle of Antietam/Sharpsburg, the bloodiest day in American history. A published piano version lists: “as sung by the Washington Euterpeans”


Oh! Cast That Shadow From Thy Brow

    anon.  [4th NH, Manchester Cornet Band Books, 1852]

        Though listed on the piano sheet music as “A Favorite Ballad,” and published by several different publishers, including W.C. Peters and F.D. Benteen, it is odd we know nothing of the composer. The text is that of parting love, but with more of an edge. This editor believes it is sung by “Liela,” who is concerned why the music of her lute and voice no longer enchant her love, who has “breathed the fragrant air” of the wild roses she wears “as some cold vapor from the tomb!” Now she will not hear his pleas, as it mocks her heart and she vows they never meet again.


Oft In The Stilly Night

    1818, Thomas Moore  (17791852)    [Dodworth's Brass Band School, 1854]

        It can be assumed the tune is of Irish folk origin as much of Moore's compositions were merely new words to old songs.  Scholars state that Sir John Stevenson should be credited with the composition of most of the settings in Moore's Irish Melodies. Moore's poem describes a sentiment of melancholy reflection. Is it any wonder it was one of Abraham Lincoln's favorites.  Lincoln has been connected with several popular songs as well as opera, for Lincoln was genuinely delighted by all kinds of music.


Old Abe Lincoln Came Out of the Wilderness

    1858,  J. Warner   [piano: Wm. Hall & Son]

        The original song Down In Alabam or “Aint I Glad I Got Out De Wilderness” was a popular number as performed by Bryant's Minstrels. The Bryant brothers were innovators in minstrelsy in that they changed the traditional closing walk-about (for which Dan Emmett wrote Dixie) from an instrumental to a vocal extravaganza. The tune and lyric are based in the old slave hymn Go In the Wilderness, from Slave Songs of the United States, 1867, the first published collection of Negro spirituals. The opening syncopation is reminiscent of both religious “shouts” and “work chants” heard on the plantation. Many parody verses were written for the rollicking melody including one used for the Presidential campaign of Abraham Lincoln. The familiar “Old Gray Mare” version didn't emerge until the turn of the century.


Old Dan Tucker & 8th of January

    1843, Daniel D. Emmett (1815 – 1904)   & anon   [piano: Charles H. Keith]

        Originally published in a series of seven Original Banjo Melodies “Tucker” was part of one of the first minstrel shows by

The Virginia Minstrels with “Old Dan” Emmett (violin and banjo) Billy Whitlock (banjo) Frank Brower (Bones) and Dick Pelham (Tambo). Though the lyrics were by Emmett, the melody seems to have been in common use at the time of publication. January 8, 1815, is the date of Andrew Jackson's capture of New Orleans “with an ax in one hand, a spade in the other, and a rifle between his teeth”. The tune was a popular fiddle and fife selection and was used in 1959 by Johnny Horton (aka: Jimmy Driftwood) in his re-telling of “The Battle of New Orleans.”


Old Dog Tray

    1853, Stephen Collins Foster  (1826 – 1864)    [Brass Band Journal, 1854]

        The song tells about a man who has outlived everyone he ever cared about and has nothing left but memories and an old dog. The dog is not only faithful, gentle and kind; he can read minds and show human emotions. “Although he cannot speak... I'll never, never find a better friend than old dog Tray”.


Old Joe Hooker Quickstep 

    J. Warner    [26th Regt. NC, C.S.A. Band Books]  

        The title refers to Union General Joseph Hooker following his defeat at Chancellorsville, in May of 1863. In the popular song Jine the Cavalry, based on “Down in Alabam,” there is a line “Ol’ Joe Hooker, won’t you come out The Wilderness.” The song became a sort of theme song for Confederate General JEB Stuart, and was probably sung quite often in his camp, if not by Stuart, by his personal musician, Sam Sweeny. Sam’s older brother, Joe, is credited with inventing the American banjo. The song recounts many of Stuart’s famous exploits, including his “Ride around McClellan,” incursion into Pennsylvania and his assumption of command during the battle of Chancellorsville. See also: Old Abe Lincoln  (above)


The Old Log Hut March

    18--, R. Sinclair, arr: G.W.E. Friederich   [Brass Band Journal, 1854]

        The cover page reads as follows: “Row, Row, Row, your Boat or the Old Log Hut, as sung by Master Adams of Kunkel’s Nightingale Opera Troupe, written by Richard Sinclair, composer of Ben Bolt.” The most popular setting of Ben Bolt was by Nelson Kneass. The singer tells of the old hut where his parents once lived and recalls fond memories of childhood by the ever-flowing river. The chorus reads, “Row, row, row your boat gently down the stream. All that’s past is gone, you know. The future’s but a dream.”


The Old Oaken Bucket

    1850, Kiallmark (1781 – 1835)  [Stratton Military Band Journal]

        Samuel Woodworth (1785 – 1842) wrote “The Bucket” in 1817. The tune received several musical settings, becoming known as The Old Oaken Bucket. Robert Smith set it to the Scotch melody, Jesse, the Flower of Dumblaine in 1834; however, the most popular setting was to the tune of Araby’s Daughter, by George Kiallmark. The song was popular in the Temperance Movement.


Old Zip Coon

    pre 1834, attributed to Mr. Bob Farrell “The Original Zip Coon”     [piano: J.L. Hewitt]

        The tune known today, as “Turkey in the Straw,” was first published in 1834 “as sung by Mr. (George Washington) Dixon. With Great Applause.” Dixon, Farrell and George Nichols, all, claimed authorship; however Farrell was known in minstrel circles as “Zip Coon.” The lyrics describe Zip as “a very larned skolar” who delights everyone with his rendition of “Cooney in de Hollar.” Zip also aids Gen. Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans and prepares to succeed him as President.


Old K-Y Ky

    1860, Daniel Decatur Emmett  (1815 – 1904)    [3rd NH  “Port Royal” Band Books]

        This is another walk-about Emmett wrote for Bryant's Minstrels. Contrary to the belief of Frederick Fennell, the song has little or nothing to do with the state of Kentucky. Until recent years, the abbreviation for Kentucky had always been Ken. The song's lyric tells the story of a cold, snowy night and how everyone crowded around a fire and toasted their feet. Between each line is interjected the shout: O, whose foot dat a burnin? The chorus repeats the shout and concludes with: Dat foot did come, (it told me so). Away from old K, Y, Ky.


Our 1st President's QS

    1861, P. Rivinac    [piano/ Perry Roland]

        This tune was written in honor of the President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis. It is doubtful it was played at the inauguration.


Orleans Cadets Q.S.  

    18--, E.O. Eaton   [26th Regt. NC, C.S.A. Band Books]


O Take Me To Thy Heart, Again

    18--, Michael William Balfe  (1808 – 1870)  [Stratton Military Band Journal]