18--, Edward Leinbach (1823 – 1901) [26th NC, C.S.A. Band Books]
Edward, the brother of band member Julius Leinbach, composed or arranged most of the music in the 26th NC Band Books. Julius Augustus Leinbach (1834-1930) played the Eb Bass Saxhorn and later switched over to 2nd Cornet. He kept a detailed diary from which the book A Johnny Reb Band From Salem: “The Pride of Tarheelia” was based. The book, by Harry H. Hall, was reprinted by Da Capo Press in 1980 and is available through inter-library loan. Easter morning in North Carolina is a very special time. Moravian musicians spread out across the region and begin playing their instruments and singing in the early hours before dawn. They “march” towards the center of town gathering believers along the way until they converge at the church where they celebrate The Resurrection.
1856, Joseph Labitzky (1802 – 1881) [1st Brigade Band Books]
The date quoted is from a collection of Easy Airs arranged for the Piano-Forte publisher by Winner & Schuster. Obviously the actual composition date precedes 1856.
Ellen Bayne Q.S.
1854, Stephen Collins Foster (1826 – 1864) [Brass Band Journal, 1854]
Written during a long separation from his wife and daughter, Ellen Bayne is a lullaby reassuring a child of her parents’ abiding love. This was Foster’s first time to write a harmonized chorus. The chorus was written for two voices, possibly mother and father, which made the song especially favorable to the minstrel stage. E.P. Christy quickly added it to his repertoire.
Claudio S. Grafulla (1810 – 1880) [pub: by A.S. Bowman for J.W. Pepper (1884)]
18--,? [1st Brigade Band Books]
Ethiopian Medley Overture
1844, S. Erlich * 1848, Raphael Triay (1801 – 1855) [U.S. Marine Band]
The original score for this U.S. Marine Band selection is titled “Negro Medley Overture” and is found in the Francis M. Scala Music Collection at the Library of Congress, in Washington, DC. Raphael Triay was the leader of the band from 1836 to 1843 and then again from 1848 until his death in 1855. Clarinetist, Francis Scala stepped into the bandmaster's position and was known to program the overture at White House lawn concerts during the 1860's. The overture is a salute to the minstrel show and incorporates several popular tunes in a “melange” gallop form. After the “refined” andante introduction, the medley breaks into De Boatman Dance and Gwine Ober De Mountain (both by Emmett), Dandy Jim Ob Caroline (S.S. Steele & Ole Bull), Lucy Neale (James Sanford, also claimed by Henry Russell) and Miss Lucy Long (Billy Whitlock). From the instrumentation, the Marine Band at that time included many woodwinds along the usual brass and percussion. Mixed bands of this type were often referred to as “monkey bands.” An 1844 piano sheet music piece, titled the “Ethiopian Medley Overture,” by S. Ehrlich, is identical, measure for measure, to Triay's arrangement. We have based the quintet arrangement on the Triay chart and retained the original title.
Ever of Thee Q.S.
?, Foley Hall / C.S. Grafulla [1st Brigade Band Books]